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Discrete wavelet and modified PCA decompositions for postural stability analysis in biometric applications

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Author(s): Dhouha Maatar | Regis Fournier | Zied Lachiri | Amine Nait-Ali

Journal: Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering
ISSN 1937-6871

Volume: 04;
Issue: 08;
Start page: 543;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Approximation Wavelet Coefficients; Detail Wavelet Coefficients; Discrete Wavelet Analysis; PCA Decomposition; Phase; Rambling | Stabilogram | Trem-bling; Trend | Biometrics

ABSTRACT
The aim of this study is to compare the Discrete wavelet decomposition and the modified Principal Analysis Component (PCA) decomposition to analyze the stabilogram for the purpose to provide a new insight about human postural stability. Discrete wavelet analysis is used to decompose the stabilogram into several timescale components (i.e. detail wavelet coefficients and approximation wavelet coefficients). Whereas, the modified PCA decomposition is applied to decompose the stabilogram into three components, namely: trend, rambling and trembling. Based on the modified PCA analysis, the trace of analytic trembling and rambling in the complex plan highlights a unique rotation center. The same property is found when considering the detail wavelet coefficients. Based on this property, the area of the circle in which 95% of the trace’s data points are located, is extracted to provide important information about the postural equilibrium status of healthy subjects (average age 31 ± 11 years). Based on experimental results, this parameter seems to be a valuable parameter in order to highlight the effect of visual entries, stabilogram direction, gender and age on the postural stability. Obtained results show also that wavelets and the modified PCA decomposition can discriminate the subjects by gender which is particularly interesting in biometric applications and human stability simulation. Moreover, both techniques highlight the fact that male are less stable than female and the fact that there is no correlation between human stability and his age (under 60).
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