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Discriminating between ADHD adults and controls using independent ERP components and a support vector machine: a validation study

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Author(s): Mueller Andreas | Candrian Gian | Grane Venke | Kropotov Juri | Ponomarev Valery | Baschera Gian-Marco

Journal: Nonlinear Biomedical Physics
ISSN 1753-4631

Volume: 5;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 5;
Date: 2011;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background There are numerous event-related potential (ERP) studies in relation to attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and a substantial number of ERP correlates of the disorder have been identified. However, most of the studies are limited to group differences in children. Independent component analysis (ICA) separates a set of mixed event-related potentials into a corresponding set of statistically independent source signals, which are likely to represent different functional processes. Using a support vector machine (SVM), a classification method originating from machine learning, this study aimed at investigating the use of such independent ERP components in differentiating adult ADHD patients from non-clinical controls by selecting a most informative feature set. A second aim was to validate the predictive power of the SVM classifier by means of an independent ADHD sample recruited at a different laboratory. Methods Two groups of age-matched adults (75 ADHD, 75 controls) performed a visual two stimulus go/no-go task. ERP responses were decomposed into independent components, and a selected set of independent ERP component features was used for SVM classification. Results Using a 10-fold cross-validation approach, classification accuracy was 91%. Predictive power of the SVM classifier was verified on the basis of the independent ADHD sample (17 ADHD patients), resulting in a classification accuracy of 94%. The latency and amplitude measures which in combination differentiated best between ADHD patients and non-clinical subjects primarily originated from independent components associated with inhibitory and other executive operations. Conclusions This study shows that ERPs can substantially contribute to the diagnosis of ADHD when combined with up-to-date methods.
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Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona