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Distally based superficial sural artery flap for soft tissue coverage in the distal 2/3 of leg and foot

Author(s): Kamath B | Shetty M | Ajith Kumar M | Bhardwaj Praveen

Journal: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
ISSN 0019-5413

Volume: 39;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 169;
Date: 2005;
Original page

Keywords: Skin coverage | Sural artery flap | Distal 2/3rd leg and proximal foot.

Background: Skin coverage for defects in the lower 2/3 of leg, ankle region and posterior heel has always been a difficult challenge for reconstructive surgeon. Methods: We describe our experience with the distally based superficial sural artery flap coverage in 48 patients with moderate sized defects in these difficult areas. Results: One out of 48 flaps (in 48 patients) was lost totally and 3 suffered marginal necrosis which did not require any secondary procedure. These complications could have been avoided by proper selection of cases and refining technical skills. Conclusion: This simple procedure could be an important and versatile tool for any reconstructive surgeon in providing skin coverage in the distal leg and proximal foot. Preservation of major arteries of the lower limb, minimal donor defect, relatively uninjured donor area in compound fracture or poly trauma involving distal leg are some of the advantages of the flap.
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