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Author(s): Petra Svačinová | Roman Chytilek

Journal: Středoevropské Politické Studie
ISSN 1213-2691

Volume: 12;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Coalition theory | Czech Republic | Formateur | Office-seeking | Proportionality | Voting weights

ABSTRACT
Distribution of Seats in the Government and the Chamber of Deputies in the Czech Republic. The article presented is theoretically grounded in the office-seeking approach to the study of coalitions. It takes the most influential theories of portfolio distribution in the executive and legislature (voting weights, proportionality, formateur) and tests it on the data pertaining to coalition negotiations in the Czech Republic between 1992 and 2006. We follow the distribution of portfolios in the government, in the presidium of the Chamber of Deputies, as well as in the presidiums of permanent parliamentary committees. The approach based on voting weights seems best for studying portfolio distribution in the Czech Republic, although it is not entirely satisfactory. In the theoretical discussion of the results, we also point out that the voting weights approach is somewhat less rigorous than others. At the same time, we show that even ostensibly exact approaches to the study of coalitions can lead to arbitrariness on the part of the researcher, as theoretical assumptions about portfolio distribution operate with decimal numbers, whereas in reality one operates with natural numbers.
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