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Distributed Amplify and Forward Cooperation While Maintaining Transmission Freedom

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Author(s): L. Chen | R. Carrasco | I. Wassell

Journal: American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
ISSN 1941-7020

Volume: 4;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 607;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) | Amplify-and-Forward | distributed cooperation | diversity-multiplexing tradeoff | outage probability | concatenated Reed-Solomon convolution code | Decode-and-Forward (DF)

ABSTRACT
Problem statement: This study proposes a novel Distributed Amplify and-Forward (DAF) cooperative scheme, achieving higher diver¬sity order and yet maintaining the same transmission freedom as the conventional Amplify-and-Forward (AF) scheme. In the DAF scheme, a user’s transmitted symbols are partitioned into several sequences in order to be relayed by different users. Approach: In the cooperative network, each user still uses half of their transmission for relaying others’ signals. But instead of relaying one user’s entire transmitted sequence, it helps different users for the relaying. Theoretical analysis of the DAF scheme is carried out in order to justify its advantages over the existing schemes. The outage behavior and Diversity-Multiplexing Tradeoff (DMT) analyses of the DAF scheme are presented. Results: Through outage behavior analysis, it is shown the DAF scheme achieves substantial diversity gains over the AF scheme. Furthermore, the DMT analysis justices both the scheme’s achievable diversity gains and its ability to maintain the same multiplexing gain as the AF scheme. The theoretical analyses are then extended to a general cooperative network consisting of N (N≥2) relays, showing the diversity order can be increased with respect to the number of relays but not at the expense of each user’s multiplexing gain. Conclusion: Finally, a practical coded cooperative system that integrates the DAF scheme with the concatenated Reed-Solomon Convolution Codes (RSCC) is proposed, validating the achievable performance gain offered by the DAF scheme.
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