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Distribution of flagella secreted protein and integral membrane protein among Campylobacter jejuni isolated from Thailand

Author(s): Pootong Piyarat | Serichantalergs Oralak | Bodhidatta Ladaporn | Poly Frédéric | Guerry Patricia | Mason Carl J

Journal: Gut Pathogens
ISSN 1757-4749

Volume: 3;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 11;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Abstract Background Campylobacter jejuni, a gram-negative bacterium, is a frequent cause of gastrointestinal food-borne illness in humans throughout the world. There are several reports that the virulence of C. jejuni might be modulated by non-flagellar proteins that are secreted through the filament. Recently, FspA (Flagella secreted proteins) have been described. Two alleles of fspA (fspA1 and fspA2) based on sequence analysis were previously reported and only the fspA2 allele was found in Thai isolates. The aim of this study is to analyze the deduced amino acid sequences fspA and the adjacent putative integral membrane protein from 103 Thai C. jejuni isolates. Results A total of 103 representative C. jejuni isolates were amplified by PCR for the fspA gene and the adjacent integral membrane protein gene. Two PCR product sizes were amplified using the same primers, an approximately 1600-bp PCR product from 19 strains that contained fspA and integral membrane protein genes and an approximately 800-bp PCR product from 84 strains that contained only the fspA gene. DNA sequencing was performed on the amplified products. The deduced amino acid sequences of both genes were analyzed separately using CLC Free Workbench 4 software. The analysis revealed three groups of FspA. Only FspA group 1 sequences (19/103) (corresponding to fspA1) consisting of 5 subgroups were associated with the adjacent gene encoding the integral membrane protein. FspA group 2 was the largest group (67/103) consisting of 9 subgroups. FspA group 2p (17/103) consisting of 7 subgroups was found to contain stop codons at a position before the terminal 142 position. Conclusions This study reveals greater heterogeneity of FspA (group 1, 2 and 2p) among Thai C. jejuni isolates than previously reported. Furthermore, the subgroups of FspA groups 1 were associated with groups of integral membrane protein. The significance of these different FspA variants to virulence requires further study.
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