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Distribution of malignant neoplasms reported at different pathology centers and hospitals in Jaipur, Rajasthan

Author(s): Sharma R | Kumar R | Jain S | Jhajhria S | Gupta N | Gupta S | Rawtani S | Kohli K | Prajapati L | Gupta R | Swamy N | Pathak D | Verma H | Ratnawat S

Journal: Indian Journal of Cancer
ISSN 0019-509X

Volume: 46;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 323;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Cancer profile | frequency | malignancy

Background: Cancer data from Rajasthan are limited. Only two studies, one from Western Rajasthan, and the other from Eastern Rajasthan have been published by Sharma et al. in 1992 and 1996. Aims: To put the cancer profile from this region in proper perspective, we conducted the present study on the patterns of various malignancies in Jaipur region, i.e., Eastern Rajasthan. Setting and Design and Material and Methods: The study spans over one and half decade (1990-2004) and is based on a retrospective six-year sample analysis of approximately 200,000 histopathological and cytological reports for the years 1990, 1991, 1996, 1999, 2001 and 2004. Results: A total of 21,868 cancers were recorded in the six sample years. There were 59.11% (12,926) males and 40.89% (8942) females, with the male to female ratio being 1.45:1. Organ wise, lung (8.45%), prostate (7.12%), brain (6.04%), urinary bladder (5.31%), esophagus (4.67%) and tongue (4.60%) are most common sites involved in males with regard to frequency, whereas breast (20.44%), cervix (14.99%), ovary (4.35%), brain (3.80%), esophagus (3.67%), uterus (3.01%) and rectum (2.80%) are common sites for malignancies in females. Conclusions: Significant findings were a higher frequency of cancers of the prostate, urinary bladder, and brain in males along with gall bladder cancers in females. Our figures have been compared with the national data.
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