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Does personality predispose to functional dyspepsia?

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Author(s): Joanna Kot | Agnieszka Harasiuk | Paweł Rasmus | Józef Kocur | Cezary Chojnacki

Journal: Polish Gastroenterology
ISSN 1232-9886

Volume: 15;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 369;
Date: 2008;
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Keywords: functional dyspepsia | personality | psychosomatics

ABSTRACT
Introduction: Gastrointestinal disorders, among others functional dyspepsia (FD), are one of the main reasons for excessive costs of longterm and insufficiently effective therapy. For some time now, discussion on causal mechanisms has also involved fields other than biological for consideration, mainly psychological and social, due to accompanying psychosocial disturbances in patients with FD. One of the concepts has indicated personality as a variable that may support previous and further studies. Aim of study: Our aims were to diagnose a typical personality profile in patients with FD and to verify assumptions about the relation between these variables. Material and methods: We examined 44 patients suffering from FD (24 females and 20 males) and 41 healthy controls using 16-Personality Factor Questionnaire to characterize their personalities as well as a demographic questionnaire to gather social and demographic data about each examined individual. Results: Patients with FD obtained a higher level of neurotism (C-) and submissiveness (E-) compared to healthy controls. They also proved to be significantly more tense than the healthy subjects (Q4+). High neurotic tendencies had a moderate influence on the appearance of dyspeptic symptoms. Also FD, to a similar extent, may have intensified neurotism. Likewise, submissiveness (E-) conduced them to suffering from FD. The results also showed that high tension (Q4+) might cause FD. Conclusions: Examined patients revealed a higher level of neurotism. Lower Ego Strength (C-) is one of the factors that moderately contributes to FD. Also, the illness has a moderate influence on the intensity of neurotic tendencies. The studied group also proved to be more submissive and passive (E-) as well as more tense (Q4+). The presence of dyspeptic symptoms moderately influences the level of high mental tension (Q4+).
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