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Does a third year of emergency medicine training make a difference? Historical cohort study of Queen's University graduates.

Author(s): Casson I | Godwin M | Brown G | Birenbaum A | Dhalla M

Journal: Canadian Family Physician
ISSN 0008-350X

Volume: 47;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 1227;
Date: 2001;
Original page

OBJECTIVE: To describe outcomes of a third-year residency (PGY-3) program in family medicine/emergency medicine in terms of its graduates' practice characteristics and their self-assessed preparedness for practising emergency medicine. DESIGN: A questionnaire was sent to graduates of Queen's University's family medicine residency programs. SETTING: Recent graduates' practices. PARTICIPANTS: All 30 graduates of Queen's University's Family Medicine/Emergency Medicine Program (PGY-3s) from 1988 to 1997 and 90 matched controls chosen randomly from among the 250 graduates of the 2-year family medicine residency program (PGY-2s) during the same period. Six of the 120 were excluded. Response rate was 89%. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Current practice of family and emergency medicine, leadership activities in emergency medicine, self-assessment of preparedness to practise and to lead others at the end of training, self-report of frequency of emergency care situations in subsequent practice for which physicians felt unprepared by their training, and catchment population and "rurality" of location of current practice. RESULTS: Compared with controls, more PGY-3s practiced and took leadership roles in emergency medicine in their hospitals and communities. At the end of their training, PGY-3s reported higher levels of preparedness for practicing and providing leadership in emergency medicine. Both groups reported the same frequency of encountering emergency situations in subsequent practice for which they felt inadequately prepared. Both groups practised in communities of similar size and location. CONCLUSION: Graduates of Queen's University's third-year emergency medicine program appear to practise in accordance with their extra training.
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