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Drive and Control of Electromagnetic Drive Module on Reciprocally Rotating Disc Used for Micro-Gyroscope

Author(s): Nan-Chyuan Tsai | Jiun-Sheng Liou | Chih-Che Lin | Tuan Li

Journal: Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications
ISSN 1942-0730

Volume: 02;
Issue: 06;
Start page: 362;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Micro-Gyroscope | Electromagnetic Pole | Anti-Collision | Drive Circuit

An innovative 3-phase AC (Alternative Current) drive circuit for the seismic disc in micro-gyroscopes is designed and verified by computer simulations and experiments. The in-plane dynamic model of the seismic disc with mass eccentricity and air gap against the centre bearing and the mathematic expression of two sinusoidal magnetic fields are developed respectively. In order to prevent the seismic disc from collision with the centre bearing and the EM (Electromagnetic) poles, an anti-collision controller is established by employing two Look-up tables which define the intensity of the applied current to the EM poles. Self-sensing technique is included to measure the real-time offset of the disc by two orthogonal pairs of EM poles, without any additional sensors. The drive circuit under SPWM (Sinusoidal Pulse Width Modulation) operation and the anti-collision strategy are verified by intensive computer simulations via commercial software, OrCAD 9, and experiments.
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