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Drug-eluting stents vs. coronary artery bypass-grafting in coronary heart disease

Author(s): Gorenoi, Vitali | Dintsios, Charalabos-Markos | Schönermark, Matthias P. | Hagen, Anja

Journal: GMS Health Technology Assessment
ISSN 1861-8863

Volume: 4;
Start page: Doc13;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Background: Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and percutaneous revascularisations with implantation of drug-eluting stents (DES) are important treatment methods in coronary heart disease (CHD). Research questions: The evaluation addresses questions on medical efficacy, health economic parameters as well as ethic, social and legal implications in the use of DES vs. CABG in CHD patients. Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted in December 2006 in the most important electronic databases beginning from 2004. Register data and controlled clinical studies were included in the evaluation. Additionally, a health economic modelling was conducted. Results: Medical evaluation: The literature search yielded 2,312 hits. 14 publications about six controlled clinical studies and five publications about two registers were included into the evaluation. Register data showed low mortality (0.2% to 0.7%) and low rates of myocardial infarction (0.5% to 1.4%) during hospital stay. In patients with stenosis of the left anterior descending coronary artery one study showed in several analyses a significantly higher rate of reinterventions and a significantly higher rate of repeated angina pectoris for DES up to two years after the implantation (16.8% vs. 3.6% and 35% vs. 8%). In patients with left main coronary artery stenosis two studies revealed a significantly higher survival without myocardial infarction and stroke for DES up to one year (96% vs. 79% and 95% vs. 91%) and two studies a significantly higher rate of revascularisations up to two years (20% vs. 4% and 25% vs. 5%) after the primary intervention. In patients with multivessel disease, one study found a significantly higher mortality and myocardial infarction rate for CABG at one year (2.7% vs. 1.0% and 4.2% vs. 1.3%). The rate of revascularisations was significantly higher in two studies up to two years after DES implantation (8.5% vs. 4.2% and 14.2% vs. 5.3%). The rate at repeated angina pectoris was significantly higher in one study in DES patients during two-years follow-up (28% vs. 12%). Health economic evaluation: The one-year total costs per patient after CABG were calculated to be 13,373 euro and after DES 10,443 euro, leading to a difference of 2,930 euro in favour of DES implantation. The three-year total costs per patient after CABG were estimated to be 13,675 euro and after DES 10,989 euro, showing a cost difference of 2,686 euro in favour of DES implantation. In the performed sensitivity analyses no break even point was reached. Discussion: Existing data should be viewed only as limited evidence for possible medical and health economic effects. Conclusions: There is limited evidence for the possible advantage of DES vs. CABG with respect to mortality and the rate of myocardial infarction in some indications as well as disadvantages with regard to the rate of revascularisations and the rate of repeated angina pectoris. Moreover there is also a limited evidence for possible economic advantage of DES vs. CABG in multivessel disease. Existing data should be proven in long-term follow-up and in randomised studies.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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