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Drug utilization and prescription monitoring of asthma patients

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Author(s): Kumar S | Kala M | Mohamed Saleem T | Gauthaman K

Journal: Journal of Young Pharmacists
ISSN 0975-1483

Volume: 1;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 180;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Asthma | drug utilization study | prescription monitoring

ABSTRACT
The present study was conducted to establish prescription trends of anti-asthmatic drugs at the Central Referral Hospital, Tadong and Gangtok, Sikkim. The study was conducted using WHO-based prescription-auditing performa. Data were recorded from the patients attending the hospital outpatient department (OPD) through a chance, random sampling method. Methylxanthine (40%) was the most frequently prescribed drug among anti-asthmatics, followed by รข2-agonists (27%), corticosteroids (23%), and mucolytics (09%). which were the least prescribed. Our study further found that combination therapy (80%) was given to a significant number of patients as compared to monotherapy (20%). In combination therapy, the two-drug combination was the most often prescribed (57.69%). Further, anti-asthmatic drugs were mostly given (68.18%) by the oral route, followed by the inhalation route (27.27%) and injection route (4.55%). The asthmatic problem was more prevalent in grade III employees that includes drivers and laborers. It has been concluded that a study may be more meaningful to further improve the prescribing as well as dispensing practices of the pharmacist through successful implementation of interventional programs in health centers.
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