Academic Journals Database
Disseminating quality controlled scientific knowledge

Durability associated efficacy of long-lasting insecticidal nets after five years of household use

ADD TO MY LIST
 
Author(s): Kweka Eliningaya | Himeidan Yousif | Mahande Aneth | Mwang'onde Beda | Msangi Shandala | Mahande Michael | Mazigo Humphrey | Nyindo Mramba

Journal: Parasites & Vectors
ISSN 1756-3305

Volume: 4;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 156;
Date: 2011;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) have been strongly advocated for use to prevent malaria in sub-Saharan Africa and have significantly reduced human-vector contact. PermaNet® 2.0 is among the five LLINs brands which have been given full approval by the WHO Pesticide Evaluation Scheme (WHOPES). The LLINs are expected to protect the malaria endemic communities, but a number of factors within the community can affect their durability and efficacy. This study evaluated the durability, efficacy and retention of PermaNet® 2.0 after five years of use in a Tanzanian community. Method Two to three day- old non blood-fed female mosquitoes from an insectary susceptible colony (An. gambiae s.s, this colony was established at TPRI from Kisumu, Kenya in 1992) and wild mosquito populations (An. arabiensis and Culex quinquefasciatus) were used in cone bioassay tests to assess the efficacy of mosquito nets. Findings The knockdown effect was recorded after three minutes of exposure, and mortality was recorded after 24 hours post-exposure. Mortality of An. gambiae s.s from insectary colony was 100% while An. arabiensis and Cx.quinquefasciatus wild populations had reduced mortality. Insecticide content of the new (the bed net of the same brand but never used before) and used PermaNet® 2.0 was determined using High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). Conclusion The results of this study suggest that, in order to achieve maximum protection against malaria, public health education focusing on bed net use and maintenance should be incorporated into the mass distribution of nets in communities.
Affiliate Program      Why do you need a reservation system?