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Dustiness risk in the mine of Nižná Slaná

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Author(s): Pavel Slančo | Milan Bobro | Jozef Hančuľák

Journal: Acta Montanistica Slovaca
ISSN 1335-1788

Volume: 10;
Issue: special issue 1;
Start page: 253;
Date: 2005;
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Keywords: dustiness risk | cumulative dust dose | respirable portion | factor of fibrogeneous | effect | specific harmfulness of mineral dust

ABSTRACT
The fibrogeneous dust is considered as a specific harmful substance in mine working sites. Such a kind of dust cumulates in lungs and this fact usually results in the lungs dusting, the so – called pneumoconiosis. Thus, the dustiness risk poses a probability of the lungs damage by pneumoconiosis. For the calculation of the dustiness risk it is necessary to know the following data: the value of average dustiness kc in the working site per a definite time period, the dispersivity of dust “D” (it determines a portion of dust particles with a diameter under 5 μm, the so – called respirable particles) and the percentage content of quartz Qr in the respirable grain size fraction. The contribution presents a calculation of the dustiness risk “R” according to the equation (1), where “R” is in percentage, “ša” is the analytically specific harmfulness and “KDc” is the total cumulative dust dose received by a worker in the time of his dust exposure. The total cumulative dust dose is calculated on the basis of the equation (4), where “kc” is the average dust concentration in the assessed time period, t is the time of exposure, V is the average amount of air anspired by the exposed worker per a time unit (standardized at the value of 1,2 m3h-1). 10-6- recalculation from mg to kg for “KDc”. If the values of “Qr”, “D” and “kc” during the worker exposure on a definite workplace are constant, the dustiness risk “R” is calculated according to the equation (1) and (5) respectively. In the case of “n” time intervals for which the values “Qr”, “D” and “kc” are known, the dustiness risk “R” is calculated according to the equation (7). The total personal risk of the worker is given by the equation (8).

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