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ECG Signal Compression Technique Based on Discrete Wavelet Transform and QRS-Complex Estimation

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Author(s): Ahmed Zakaria

Journal: Signal Processing : An International Journal
ISSN 1985-2339

Volume: 4;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 138;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: MIMO-OFDM system | DWDM system | Space Time Coding | BER

ABSTRACT
In this paper, an Electrocardiogram (ECG) signal is compressed based on discrete wavelet transform (DWT) and QRS-complex estimation. The ECG signal is preprocessed by normalization and mean removal. Then, an error signal is formed as the difference between the preprocessed ECG signal and the estimated QRS-complex waveform. This error signal is wavelet transformed and the resulting wavelet coefficients are thresholded by setting to zero all coefficients that are smaller than certain threshold levels. The threshold levels of all subbands are calculated based on Energy Packing Efficiency (EPE) such that minimum percentage root mean square difference (PRD) and maximum compression ratio (CR) are obtained. The resulted thresholded DWT coefficients are coded using the coding technique given in [1], [20]. The compression algorithm was implemented and tested upon records selected from the MIT - BIH arrhythmia database [2]. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm leads to high CR associated with low distortion level relative to previously reported compression algorithms [1], [14] and [18]. For example, the compression of record 100 using the proposed algorithm yields to CR = 25.15 associated with PRD = 0.7% and PSNR = 45 dB. This achieves compression rate of nearly 128 bit/sec. The main features of this compression algorithm are the high efficiency, high speed and simplicity in design.

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