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Eco-Tourism is the Key Factor of Tourism Development

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Author(s): O. Zyma

Journal: Economics of Development
ISSN 1683-1942

Volume: 57;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 43;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: : Eco-tourism | green tourism | adventure tourism | eco-forum.

ABSTRACT
In the paper it has been proved that international tourism is the favorable source of foreign investments and influences on the country’s balance of payment. Tourism also affects on the economy of many countries and their social, cultural environment and ecology. As is generally known, tourism has the positive influence on the country’s economy, but the connection between tourism and ecology carries a tinge of negativity. Thus, well-timed and fundamental evaluation of international tourism consequences is the very important factor in developing economic and tourist policies, which could get the maximum benefit and prevent the destructive tourist influence.It’s a well-known fact that illegal earnings from tourism don’t always come in the state budget of the country, but are divided among big tourist companies and tour operators. As far as local residents are concerned, whose life tourists often make unbearable, they get only a small part of earnings and have to pay a high price for the disordered environment.The development tendencies of environment protection need considerable financial provision. In this case, the restrictions and quotas of industrial gas emissions ratified in Kyoto (Japan, 1997) under the aegis of UNO can be reasonable.

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