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The economic impact of tourism on local residents in Wolong Nature Reserve

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Author(s): Yang Liu | Yihe Lü

Journal: Biodiversity Science
ISSN 1005-0094

Volume: 16;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 68;
Date: 2008;

Keywords: ecotourism | nature reserve | economic impact | questionnaire survey

ABSTRACT
Theoretically, tourism can generate economic benefits for local residents, while whether the benefits can come true in reality is a crucial issue. To obtain the actual direct economic impact that tourism have on local residents, a questionnaire survey was conducted in Wolong Nature Reserve (WNR). Total income generated by tourism, employment opportunities for local participants, and income distributions were included in the questionnaire. The results showed that there’s a considerable gap between actual effects and theoretical expectations from tourism in WNR: the total income generated by tourism was small; the employment opportunities were limited; and the income was unevenly distributed among local participants as well as among local people and outsiders. Measures, including developing new tourism items, establishing educational projects, providing special funds, and implementing a relocation policy, were proposed to improve the effectiveness of tourism as integrated tool for development and conservation.
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