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The Educational Rights of the Muslim Minority under Greek Law

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Author(s): Iris Kalliopi Boussiakou

Journal: Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe
ISSN 1617-5247

Volume: 6;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2007;
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Keywords: Greece | Western Thrace | Muslim minority | education | problems | legislation

ABSTRACT
The right of the Muslim minority of Western Thrace to receive education in the mother tongue is provided by the Treaty of Lausanne and the educational bilateral agreements-the Educational Agreement (1951) and the Cultural Protocol (1968)-signed between Greece and Turkey. Due to certain particularities in the educational system, however, minority students do not have adequate opportunities to gain knowledge of the Greek or Turkish language. The major problems the Muslim minority faces in education include: a mixed system of administration, outdated textbooks, poorly-educated teaching staff and the absence of an efficient school curriculum. This article will provide a critical analysis of the existing legislation on education provided to Muslim students in the minority schools of Western Thrace. Secondly, an examination will be made of the level and status of minority education in light of current international human rights treaties documents for the protection of minorities. The existing inadequacies of the educational system will be addressed to provide a series of effective solutions and recommendations in favour of the advancement and improvement of education in minority schools. The article will therefore examine the principle that education needs to be made available and accessible at all levels to the member of a minority group and, most importantly, it needs to adapt to the socio-linguistic and cultural needs of minority students.
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