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The effect of the accelerated aging on the mechanical properties of the PMMA denture base materials modified with itaconates

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Author(s): Spasojević Pavle M. | Zrilić Milorad | Stamenković Dragoslav S. | Veličković Sava J.

Journal: Hemijska Industrija
ISSN 0367-598X

Volume: 65;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 707;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: dental materials | dimethyl itaconate | di-n-butyl itaconate | accelerated ageing | mechanical properties

ABSTRACT
This study evaluated the effect of accelerated ageing on the tensile strength, elongation at break, hardness and Charpy impact strength in commercial PMMA denture base material modified with di-methyl itaconate (DMI) and di-n-butyl itaconate (DBI). The samples were prepared by modifying commercial formulation by addition of itaconates in the amounts of 2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10% by weight. After polymerization samples were characterized by FT-IR and DSC analysis while residual monomer content was determined by HPLC-UV. Accelerated ageing was performed at 70°C in water for periods of 7, 15 and 30 days. Tensile measurements were performed using Instron testing machine while the hardness of the polymerized samples was measured by Shore D method. The addition of itaconate significantly reduces the residual MMA. Even at the small amounts of added itaconates (2.5%) the residual MMA content was reduced by 50%. The increase of itaconate content in the system leads to the decrease of residual MMA. It has been found that the addition of di-n-alkyl itaconates decreases the tensile strength, hardness and Charpy impact strength and increases elongation at break. Samples modified with DMI had higher values of tensile strength, hardness and Charpy impact strength compared to the ones modified with DBI. This is explained by the fact that DBI has longer side chain compared to DMI. After accelerated ageing during a 30 days period the tensile strength decreased for all the investigated samples. The addition of DMI had no effect on the material ageing and the values for the tensile strength of all of the investigated samples decreased around 20%, while for the samples modified with DBI, the increase of the amount of DBI in the polymerized material leads to the higher decrease of the tensile strength after the complete accelerated ageing period od 30 days, aulthough after the first seven days of the accelerated ageing the values of hardness have increased for all of the investigated samples. Such behavior is explained as the result of the polymer chain relaxation. The values of Charpy impact strength decreased after accelerated ageing. The amount of added DMI have no affect on the decrease of Charpy impact strength after accelerated ageing, the decrease was similar as for pure PMMA. The decrease of Charpy impact strength increased as the amount of added DBI increases.
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