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Effect of Breast Feeding During the First 6 Months of Life on Development of Atopic Dermatitis in 1 year Old Infants

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Author(s): Masoud Dehdashtian | mouhamad Hassan Aletayeb | Behrouz Bidani | Marzieh Sajadi | Zahra Salami | Farzaneh Nasrabadi

Journal: Jundishapur Scientific Medical Journal
ISSN 2252-052X

Volume: 11;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 413;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Breast feeding | Dermatitis | Infants

ABSTRACT
Background and Objective: Atopic dermatitis is an inherited, chronic and relapsing skin disease. Although it is generally believed that breast-feeding has a protective effect on developing asthma and atopic dermatitis, nowadays, some researchers question this idea and suggest that breast feeding may be a risk factor for atopic dermatitis. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of exclusive breast feeding in the first 6 month of life on development of atopic dermatitis in infants till one year of age. Subjects and Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, parents of infants who visited four health centers in ahvaz, the capital of Khozestan province, Iran, for MMR vaccination at 12 months of age were questioned about the kind of their infants feeding till 6 months age. Infants were divided to two groups, exclusive and non-exclusive breast- fed. The number of cases for each group was followed till 511 infants were reached. Frequency of atopic dermatitis in each group was investigated. Results: Atopic dermatitis was noted in 22.3% of them. The prevalence of atopic dermatitis in non-exclusive breast fed infants was higher (P
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