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Effect of Camel's Milk on Cisplatin-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Swiss Albino Mice

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Author(s): Mohamed M.E. Afifi

Journal: American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology
ISSN 1553-3468

Volume: 6;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 141;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Camel's milk | cisplatin | nephrotoxicity

ABSTRACT
Problem statement: Nephrotoxicity is a major complication and a dose limiting factor for cisplatin therapy. Cisplatin mediated nephrotoxicity is remarkably documented by reactive oxygen species. Camel's milk has good nutritive value, antigenotoxic and anticytotoxic effects. The aim of the present study was to assess the protective effect of camel's milk against Cisplatin-induced renal oxidative stress in mice. Approach: Forty mal Swiss albino mice were randomly divided into four groups (n = 10). Group I, control group. Group II was received cisplatin (12 mg kg-1) for 5 alternate days. Group III was received camel's milk (33 mL kg-1) for consecutive 30 days. Group IV was received camel's milk (33 mL kg-1) for consecutive 30 days before administration of Cisplatin. Results: Cisplatin-induced oxidative stress was indicated by increased level of tissue Malondialdehyde (MDA), serum creatinine and urea, decreased the concentration of reduced Glutathione (GSH), Vitamin C (Vit. C) and Vitamin E (Vit. E) and decreased both activities and gene expression of Superoxid Dismutase (SOD), Catalase (CAT), Glutathione Raductase (GR) and Glutathione Peroxidase (GPx). Camel's milk reduced these biochemical changes and counteracted the deleterious effects of cisplatin Conclusion: The present study demonstrated the renoprotective potential of camel's milk against cisplatin-induced oxidative stress and renal dysfunction in mice. Hence, camel's milk has a potential to be used as therapeutic adjuvant in cisplatin nephrotoxicity.
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