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EFFECT OF CANNABINOIDS ON TESTICULAR ISCHEMIA-REPERFUSION INJURY IN RAT

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Author(s): R. Rabani | H. R. Sadeghipour-Roodsari | H. Sepehri | A. A. Hassanzadeh-Salmasi A. R. Dehpour

Journal: Acta Medica Iranica
ISSN 0044-6025

Volume: 44;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 365;
Date: 2006;
Original page

Keywords: Ischemia-reperfusion | testicular torsion | cannabinoid | anandamide

ABSTRACT
Anandamide is an endogenous ligand for cannabinoid receptors and has endothelial protective effect against ischemic preconditioning. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of cannabinoids on reperfusion injury due to testicular torsion-detorsion (T/D). A total of 36 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 6 groups. Testicular ischemia was achieved by twisting the right testes 720◦ counters clockwise for 1 hour and reperfusion was allowed for 4 hours after detorsion. In baseline (normal) group, bilateral orchiectomies performed after anesthesia. Sham operated group was served as a control group. Torsion/detorsion group underwent 1 hour testicular torsion and 4 hours of detorsion. Anandamide (cannabinoid agonist) group received pretreatment with intraperitoneally anandamide 30 min before torsion. AM251 (CB1 antagonist) group, received intraperitoneally injection of AM251 45 min before torsion. Anandamid/AM251 (An/AM) group received administrations of AM251 45 min before torsion and anandamide 30 min before torsion. The ipsilateral malondialdehyde (MDA) level in T/D group were significantly higher versus control and base line groups. Ipsilateral MDA values in anandamid group were significantly lower than T/D and An/AM groups. There were also significant decreases in catalase activity in T/D group compared with control and base line groups. These values were significantly higher in cannabinoid group versus T/D and An/AM groups. Anandamide increased ipsilateral intratesticular antioxidative markers and decreased free radicals formation during reperfusion phase after unilateral testicular torsion, which was reflected in lesser testicular MDA level. Furthermore, the effects of anandamide were mediated via cannabinoid receptors, since AM251 could abolish these effects.
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