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The effect of chronic administration of Apium graveolens aqueous extract on learning and memory in normal and diabetic rats

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Author(s): Mehdad Roghani | Amin Arsalan Amin | Reza Amirtouri

Journal: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
ISSN 2008-126X

Volume: 1;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 26;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Apium graveolens | Learning | Memory | Passive Avoidance Test | Alternation behavior | Diabetes Mellitus

ABSTRACT
  Abstract   Introduction: Diabetes mellitus accompanies with disturbances in learning, memory, and cognitive skills in the human society and experimental animals. Considering the beneficial antidiabetic potential of Apium graveolens (AG ), this research study was conducted to evaluate the effect of chronic i.p. administration of AG on learning and memory in diabetic rats using passive avoidance and Y-maze tests.   Methods: Female Wistar rats were randomly divided into control, AG-treated control, diabetic, and AG-treated diabetic groups. AG treatment continued for 4 weeks. For induction of diabetes, streptozotocin was injected i.p. at a single dose of 60 mg/kg. For evaluation of learning and memory, initial latency (IL) and step-through latency (STL) were determined at the end of study using passive avoidance test. Meanwhile, alternation behavior percentage was determined using Y maze. Results: There was a significant increase (p
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