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THE EFFECT OF GOAL SETTING IN SPORTS ON PENALTY KICKS

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Author(s): Turhan TOROS | Mehmet BAYANSALDUZ | Ahmet DUVAN

Journal: Beden Egitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi
ISSN 1307-6477

Volume: 4;
Issue: 3;
Date: 2010;

Keywords: Goal setting | penalty kick | football training

ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study is to determine whether penalty hit percentage of 6th, 7th,8th grade secondary school male students who play at the school football team can be increased with one of psychological skill training methods, goal setting. A total of 24 sportsman participated in the study. The experimental group consisted of 12 male students (mean age=13,92) who attend to a secondary school and play at the school football team and the control group consisted of 12 sportsman with a mean age of 14,08. As a pre-test all the participants from both groups took 5 penalties. Each participant’s penalty kick was recorded both with 5 point scale and percentage scale. Both teams received football training regularly, but the experimental group was exposed to goal setting training for three weeks. Meanwhile the control group received no additional training related with goal setting.T-test analysis (Wilcoxon two-sample paired test) was used to determine the difference between pre and post test of the groups. The statistical findings of the pre and post test scores of the experimental group were meaningful. In this study, it was found that together with football training, goal setting training had a positive effect on penalty kicks and increased the penalty kick performance of participants significantly. To conclude, the findings suggest that not only physical but psychological factors as well are important in increasing the penalty kick performance of football players.
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