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Effect of item order on item calibration and item bank construction for computer adaptive tests

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Author(s): Otto B. Walter | Matthias Rose

Journal: Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling
ISSN 2190-0493

Volume: 55;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 81;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: item response theory | computer adaptive testing | local independence | item bank construction

ABSTRACT
Item banks are typically constructed from responses to items that are presented in one fixed order; therefore, order effects between subsequent items may violate the independence assumption. We investigated the effect of item order on item bank construction, item calibration, and ability estimation. 15 polytomous items similar to items used in a pilot version of a computer adaptive test for anxiety (Walter et al., 2005; Walter et al., 2007) were presented in one fixed order or in a order randomly generated for each respondent. A total of n=520 out-patients participated in the study. Item calibration (Generalized Partial Credit Model) yielded only small differences of slope and location parameters. Simulated test runs using either the full item bank or an adaptive algorithm produced very similar ability estimates (expected a posteriori estimation). These results indicate that item order had little impact on item calibration and ability estimation for this item set.
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