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Effect of Light on Anthocyanin Levels in Submerged, Harvested Cranberry Fruit

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Author(s): Zhou Yu | Singh Bal Ram

Journal: Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
ISSN 1110-7243

Volume: 2004;
Issue: 5;
Start page: 259;
Date: 2004;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Anthocyanins are a group of plant antioxidants known for their therapeutic use. The effects of natural light, red light, and far-red light on individual as well as total anthocyanin content in cranberry fruit (Vaccinium macrocarpon Ait) were examined in an experimental setting designed to mimic water-harvesting conditions. The reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was used to separate and analyze the anthocyanins. In contrast to the case of the control sample that was kept in the dark, natural light increased the total anthocyanin level by 75.3 % and 87.2 % after 24 and 48 hours water immersion, respectively. Red light and far-red light increased the total anthocyanin level by 41.5 % and 34.7 %, respectively. The amount of each individual anthocyanin increased differently under natural light, red light, and far-red light, suggesting that expressions of enzymes that catalyze the anthocyanin biosynthesis are regulated differently by environments.
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