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Effect of Melt Scan Rate on Microstructure and Macrostructure for Electron Beam Melting of Ti-6Al-4V

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Author(s): Karina Puebla | Lawrence E. Murr | Sara M. Gaytan | Edwin Martinez | Francisco Medina | Ryan B. Wicker

Journal: Materials Sciences and Applications
ISSN 2153-117X

Volume: 03;
Issue: 05;
Start page: 259;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Electron Beam Melting | Additive Manufacturing | α-Phase and α′-Martensite | Optical and Electron Microscopy | Melt-Scan Rate

ABSTRACT
Microstructure and variations in porosity in Ti-6Al-4V samples built with electron beam melting (EBM) over a range of melt scan speeds, ranging from 100 mm·s-1 to 1000 mm·s-1 were examined. Microstructure was characterized by refinement of α-phase and transformation to α′-martensite. Light optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy were used to observe these phenomena, while corresponding tensile testing and associated macro and microindentation hardness measurements were used to define the microstructural variations. Relative stiffness was observed to be linearly log-log related to relative density, corresponding to ideal porosity associated with open-cellular structures.
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