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The Effect of Nitrogen and Boron on Growth, Yield and Concentration of Some Nutrient Elements of Tomato

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Author(s): N. Farzaneh | A. Gholchin | K. Hashemi Majd3

Journal: Journal of Science and Technology of Greenhouse Culture
ISSN 2008-9082

Volume: 1;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 19;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Perlit | Nutrient solution | Yield | Shoot | Root | Iron | Zinc | Manganese.

ABSTRACT
A completely randomized factorial experiment was set up with 16 treatments and three replicates to study the effect of nitrogen and boron on yield, shoot and root dry weights and leaf concentration of nutrient elements in hydroponically grown tomato in greenhouse of Agricultural College of Zanjan University in 2008. In this experiment, tomato seed of Rio Grande Ug was selected and simple and interaction effect of four levels of N (100, 200, 300 and 400 mgL-1) and four levels of B (0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 mg L-1) on tomato yield, shoot and root dry weights and leaf concentration of nutrient elements was investigated. The results indicated that the simple and interaction effect of nitrogen and boron on yield and tomato shoot and root dry weights were significant. Te highest yield and root dry weights were obtained in N200B1.0 treatment and the highest shoot dry weight was obtained in N300B1.0 treatment. By increasing the nitrogen level in the nutrient solution, leaf N and Mn concentration increased while B, Fe and Zn concentration of leaves decreased significantly. In contrast, by increasing the boron levels, leaf N, B and Zn concentration increased and Fe and Mn concentration of leaves decreased significantly. With respect to the results of this study, applications of 200 mg L-1N and 1.0 mgL-1 B of nutrient solution are recommended to obtain higher yield and better quality for tomato in hydroponic culture.
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