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Effect of p27mt gene on apoptosis of the colorectal cancer cell line Lovo

Author(s): Jun Chen, Wu-Hua Ding, Shao-Yong Xu, Jia-Ning Wang, Yong-Zhang Huang, Chang-Sheng Deng

Journal: World Journal of Gastroenterology
ISSN 1007-9327

Volume: 15;
Issue: 22;
Start page: 2794;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Apoptosis | Cell cycle | Colorectal cancer | p27mt | Recombinant adenovirus

AIM: To construct p27mt recombinant adenovirus, transfect the colorectal cell line Lovo and observe the effects of p27mt on Lovo cell apoptosis and cell cycle inhibition.METHODS: We constructed recombinant adenovirus containing p27mt by homologous recombination in bacteria. The colorectal cancer cell line Lovo was infected with recombinant replication-defective adenovirus Ad-p27mt, and expression of p27mt was determined by Western blotting; the inhibitory effect of p27mt on Lovo cells was detected by cytometry. Cell cycle was determined by flow cytometry. DNA fragment analysis identified the occurrence of apoptosis.RESULTS: The recombinant adenovirus which already contained p27mt target gene was successfully constructed. When multiplicity of infection was ≥ 50, the infection efficiency was 100%. After transfection of Lovo cells with Ad-p27mt the cells had high p27 expression which was identified by immunoblotting assay. PI staining and flow cytometry showed that 77.96% of colorectal cancer cells were inhibited in phase G0/G1, while in the Ad-LacZ group and blank control group, 27.57% and 25.29% cells were inhibited in the same phase, respectively. DNA fragment analysis, flow cytometry and TUNEL assay demonstrated that p27mt is able to induce apoptosis in colorectal cancer cells.CONCLUSION: p27mt has an obvious blocking effect on colorectal cancer cell cycle, and most cells were inhibited in phase G0/G1. Therefore, p27mt can induce apoptosis in colorectal cells.
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