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The Effect of Peganum harmala and Teucrium polium Alcoholic Extracts on Growth of Escherichia coli O157

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Author(s): Mansour Mashreghi | Soudabe Niknia

Journal: Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology
ISSN 2008-3645

Volume: 5;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 511;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Peganum harmala | Teucrium polium | Escherichia coli O157 | Medicinal Plants

ABSTRACT
Background: Several medicinal plants have been used by humans for their vast diversity in chemical compound content and antimicrobial activity. However, their appropriate use remains under investigation by many researchers.Objectives: This study aimed to determine the stage at which Escherichia coli O157 growth is more sensitive to certain concentrations of certain medicinal plants.Materials and Methods: Alcoholic extracts of the aerial parts and seeds of Peganum harmala and Teucrium polium were prepared using standard methods. The effective concentration (0.15-0.4 mg/ml) was chosen, based on their zones of inhibition on plates that were inoculated with E. coli O157 and plant extract and used to monitor bacterial growth by spectrophotometry.Results: All concentrations of the aerial parts of T. polium extract and the seeds of P. harmala decreased the absorbance in the first several hours after inoculation, after which bacterial growth increased to normal levels. Compared with control, no significant differences on the effect of the aerial parts of P. harmala extract on bacterial growth were observed.Conclusions: Based on the comparison of growth curves, higher concentrations effected greater inhibition. However, the effects of other concentrations of the plant extracts on bacterial growth should be investigated further, although their toxicity must be assessed before use..--------------------------------------------------------------------------------Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:Two Iranian endemic plants P. harmala and T. polium were selected and inhibition effects of different concentrations of their alcoholic extract on growth phases of E. coli O157 was investigated.Please cite this paper as:Mashreghi M, Niknia S. The Effect of Peganum harmala and Teucrium polium Alcoholic Extracts on Growth of Escherichia coli O157. Jundishapur J Microbiol. 2012;5(3):511-5. DOI: 10.5812/jjm.3665.
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