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The effect of secondary abnormal grain growth on the dielectric properties of La/Mn co-doped BaTiO3 ceramics

Author(s): Živković Lj.M. | Paunović V.V. | Stamenkov N.Lj. | Miljković M.M.

Journal: Science of Sintering
ISSN 0350-820X

Volume: 38;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 273;
Date: 2006;
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Keywords: La-doped BaTiO3 | microstructure | grain growth | domains | dielectric constant

La/Mn-codoped BaTiO3 systems, obtained by solid state reactions, were investigated regarding their microstructure characteristics and ferroelectric properties. Different concentrations of La2O3 were used for doping, ranging from 0.1 to 5.0 at% La, while a content of Mn was constant at 0.05 at%. For all samples sintered below the eutectic temperature (1332°C), a uniform microstructure was formed with average grain size from 1-3 μm. The appearance of secondary abnormal grains with (111) double twins grains with curved or faceted grain boundaries were observed in La/Mn BaTiO3 ceramics after sintering at temperatures above the eutectic temperature. All sintered samples exhibited a high electrical resistivity. Better dielectric performances were obtained for low doped samples (0.1 at% La) sintered at 1350°C. For samples with La content above 1.0 at% a lower value in dielectric permittivity at higher sintering temperature is due to secondary abnormal grain growth, and to the presence of a non-ferroelectric phase rich in La. The Curie constant together with other dielectric parameters were also calculated.
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