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Effect of Seeding Date on Seed Yield and Yield Components in Edible- oil Genotypes of Flax in Isfahan

Author(s): G. Saeidi

Journal: Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources
ISSN 1028-7655

Volume: 6;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 175;
Date: 2002;
Original page

Keywords: Falx | Edible-oil | Seeding date | Yield components

Edible-oil flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) can be an alternate oil-seed crop in Isfahan region. Seeding date is very important in obtaining higher grain yields and a successful flax production. The present study was conducted at the research farm, Isfahan University of Technology in the year 2000 to determine the effect of seeding date and genotype on yield, yield components and maturity of edible-oil flax. In this study, a RCBD with three replications, in which the treatments were organized as a split-plot experiment, was used. Seeding dates (Oct. 17, Nov. 16, March 15, April 13, May 14, June 13, July 15) and genotypes (four breeding lines of edible-oil flax) were considered as the main and the subfactor, respectively. The number of capsules per plant, seeds per capsule, 100-seed weight and seed yield were highest for all genotypes in the first seeding date. Average seed yield in the first seeding date was almost twice, triple and eight times as much as the second, third and the last three seeding dates, respectively. In the second seeding date there was no emergence because of low temperature. The genotype and seeding date interaction on seed yield and maturity was significant. In general, delayed seeding was accompanied by reduction of emergence, number of days to maturity, yield and yield components in all genotypes, with the exception that the last seeding date led to increased number of days to maturity and seeds per capsule. Based on regression analysis, seed weight, number of seeds per capsule and number of seedlings/m2 were the most important components that contributed in seed yield variation, respectively. But, most of the variations in seed yield per plant was affected by number of copsules per plant and number of seeds per capsule, and in that order.

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