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Effect of Short-Term Swiss Ball Training on Physical Fitness

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Author(s): KULROOP KAUR BADWAL | RANJIT SINGH

Journal: Biology of Exercise
ISSN 1791-325X

Volume: 9;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 41;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Swiss ball | aerobic capacity | body composition | upper body strength & endurance

ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of short-term Swiss ball training on aerobic capacity, body composition and upper body strength & endurance. For the purpose of the present study, twenty four (N = 24) male subjects between the age group of 18-27 years (Mean 6 SD: age 23.29 6 2.15 years, height 1.62 6 0.021 m, body mass 56.75 6 4.24 kg) were selected as subjects. The subjects were purposively assigned into two groups: Group-A: Experimental (N1 = 12) and Group-B: Control (N2 = 12). The subjects from Group-A were subjected to 4-week of Swiss ball training. The training consisted of a variety of exercises (i.e., Pelvic Tilt, Abdominal Crunch, Supine Bridge and Roll, Squat). It is concluded that the aerobic capacity, body composition and upper body strength and endurance significantly improved in experimental group compared with the control one. Student's t-test for independent data was used to assess the between-group differences and for dependent data to assess the Post-Pre differences. In all the analyses, the 5% critical level (p < 0.05) was considered to indicate statistical significance. The Swiss ball exercises training may be recommended to improve aerobic capacity, body composition and upper body strength and endurance to enhance physical fitness based performance.
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