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Effect of Two-Stage Fuel Injection Parameters on NOx Reduction Characteristics in a DI Diesel Engine

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Author(s): Kyusoo Jeong | Donggon Lee | Sungwook Park | Chang Sik Lee

Journal: Energies
ISSN 1996-1073

Volume: 4;
Issue: 11;
Start page: 2049;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: two-stage combustion | injection strategy | combustion characteristics | NOx reduction characteristics | soot emissions

ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was to confirm the effects of two-stage combustion on the combustion and NOx reduction characteristics of a four cylinder direct injection diesel engine. In order to analyze the combustion and emission characteristics, various injection parameters, such as injection quantity, injection timing and injection pressure were used under constant engine speed and engine load. In addition, the experimental results of two-stage combustion are compared to the single injection when injection timing is 5° BTDC. The experimental results showed that NOx emissions were significantly reduced when applying two-stage combustion. In particular, an injection strategy when the first and second injections have a same quantity, the results showed the maximum reduction of NOx emissions in this experiment. The NOx emissions were also reduced when the timing of the first injection was advanced. However, NOx emissions indicated almost similar concentration regardless of first injection timings when the first injection timing was earlier than 50° BTDC. In the case of soot emissions were slightly increased compare to the single injection cases at tested conditions.
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