Academic Journals Database
Disseminating quality controlled scientific knowledge

The effect of walnut intake on factors related to prostate and vascular health in older men

ADD TO MY LIST
 
Author(s): Spaccarotella Kim | Kris-Etherton Penny | Stone William | Bagshaw Deborah | Fishell Valerie | West Sheila | Lawrence Frank | Hartman Terryl

Journal: Nutrition Journal
ISSN 1475-2891

Volume: 7;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 13;
Date: 2008;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background Tocopherols may protect against prostate cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Methods We assessed the effect of walnuts, which are rich in tocopherols, on markers of prostate and vascular health in men at risk for prostate cancer. We conducted an 8-week walnut supplement study to examine effects of walnuts on serum tocopherols and prostate specific antigen (PSA). Subjects (n = 21) consumed (in random order) their usual diet +/- a walnut supplement (75 g/d) that was isocalorically incorporated in their habitual diets. Prior to the supplement study, 5 fasted subjects participated in an acute timecourse experiment and had blood taken at baseline and 1, 2, 4, and 8 h after consuming walnuts (75 g). Results During the timecourse experiment, triglycerides peaked at 4 h, and gamma-tocopherol (γ-T) increased from 4 to 8 h. Triglyceride – normalized γ-T was two-fold higher (P = 0.01) after 8 versus 4 h. In the supplement study, change from baseline was +0.83 ± 0.52 μmol/L for γ-T, -2.65 ± 1.30 μmol/L for alpha-tocopherol (α-T) and -3.49 ± 1.99 for the tocopherol ratio (α-T: γ-T). A linear mixed model showed that, although PSA did not change, the ratio of free PSA:total PSA increased and approached significance (P = 0.07). The α-T: γ-T ratio decreased significantly (P = 0.01), partly reflecting an increase in serum γ-T, which approached significance (P = 0.08). Conclusion The significant decrease in the α-T: γ-T ratio with an increase in serum γ-T and a trend towards an increase in the ratio of free PSA:total PSA following the 8-week supplement study suggest that walnuts may improve biomarkers of prostate and vascular status.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

     Save time & money - Smart Internet Solutions