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An effect of wrapping peripheral nerve anastomosis with pedicled muscle flap on nerve regeneration in experiment

Author(s): Naumenko L.Yu. | Domanskiy A.N. | Shponka V.I.

Journal: Морфологія
ISSN 1997-9665

Volume: 4;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 26;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: peripheral nerve | regeneration | vascularisation | immunohistochemistry

Despite intrinsic capacity of peripheral nerves to regenerate, functional outcomes of peripheral nerves injury remain poor. Nerve ischemia, intra-/perineurial fibrosis and neuroma formation contribute a lot to that. Several authors demonstrated beneficial effects of increased vascularization at the site of injury on peripheral nerves regeneration. The use of highly vascularized autologous tissues (greater omentum) as a source of peripheral nerves neovascularization shows promising re-sults. We proposed a surgical technique in which injured peripheral nerves anastomosis was wrapped in a pedicled muscular flap and performed morphological assessment of the efficacy of such technique with the aid of immunohistochemistry. 14 rats (which underwent sciatic nerve transection) were operated according to proposed technique. Another 14 rats, in which only end-to-end nerve anastomosis (without muscular wrapping) was performed served as controls. Morphological changes were evaluated at 3 weeks and 3 months periods. Higher blood vessel and axon counts were observed in experimental groups at both checkpoints. There was also an increase in Schwann cells and macrophages counts, and less collagen content in pe-ripheral nerves of experimental groups. Axons in neuromas of experimental groups showed a higher degree of arrangement. We conclude that proposed surgical technique provides better vascularisation of injured peripheral nerves, which is beneficial for nerve regeneration.
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