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EFFECTIVE LIVELIHOOD POLICIES IN THE ASSESSMENT OF POVERTY REDUCTION: PROTECTING THE VULNERABLE

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Author(s): Mansoor Maitah | Mousbah Salem | Mohamed Abubaker

Journal: Social and Natural Sciences Journal
ISSN 1804-4158

Volume: 2;
Start page: 14;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Rural Poverty | Vulnerability | Livelihood

ABSTRACT
For the last several decades poverty reduction has been oneof the main objectives of development programs in manydeveloping countries of the world. Rural poverty is central inAfrica as it concerns more than three quarters of the poorAfricans. Yet over a long period of time this basic fact hasoften been ignored and too little investment made in ruraldevelopment in terms of infrastructure and services. Thelivelihood approach starts with the identification of who isvulnerable and adds, to what and to what extent? Hence,there are two broad approaches to defining livelihoods, onehas a narrower economic focus, the other involves viewwhich unites economic, social and environmental concepts,while building on the strengths of the urban and rural poor.Theory behind these two approaches is based on the sameunderling concept that incorporates issues aroundvulnerability. The purpose of this study is to take stock of allthese approaches and to reconsider the relationship betweenpoverty and exposure to risk. The paper was processedwithin the framework of the Research Project of MSM6046070906 "The economics of Czech agricultural resourcesand their effective use within the framework of multifunctionalagri-food systems".
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