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THE EFFECTS OF 12-WEEK REGULAR AEROBIC AND RESISTANCE EXERCISES ON THE BODY COMPOSITION OF MIDDLE-AGED MEN AND WOMEN

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Author(s): Muhammed Emin KAFKAS | Tamer KARADEMİR | Mahmut AÇAK

Journal: Beden Egitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi
ISSN 1307-6477

Volume: 3;
Issue: 3;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Aerobic | resistance | exercise | blood pressure | body fat ratio

ABSTRACT
This study was done purpose to investigate the effects of 12-week regular aerobic and resistance exercises on the body composition of middle-aged men and women. A total of 75 volunteer sedentary subjects including 46 male (aged 33.8 ± 6.6 year, with Body Mass Index (BMI)= 27.9 ± 12.8 kg/m2) and 29 female (aged 34.7 ± 4.5 year, BMI= 26.8 ± 2.9 kg/m2) were involved in the study. Intensity of exercise was % 60-70 that was determined by Karvonen method. The subjects were made to perform aerobic and resistance exercises 3 day a week for 12 weeks as well as some warm-up and cool-down exercises before and after main exercises. The subjects were tested before and after the exercise program for their body compositions, blood pressures, grid strength, and the values were recorded. Subjects; pre- and post-test scores were analyzed with paired samples t-test using SPSS 11.0 software It was found that the 12-week regular aerobic and resistance exercises applied on middle-aged men and women have caused significant differences in some parameters including the body weigh (BW), BMI, body fat ratio (BFR), fat free body mass (FFBM), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), waist-hip ratio (WHR), hand grip strength (HGS), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in favour of post-test scores. According to research results, it is identified that regular aerobic and resistance exercises had positive results on body compositions of the middle aged men and women subjects.
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