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EFFECTS OF 4-CHLOROPHENOL LOADINGS ON ACCLIMATION OF BIOMASS WITH OPTIMIZED FIXED TIME SEQUENCING BATCH REACTOR

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Author(s): H. Movahedyan, A. Assadi, M. M. Amin

Journal: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
ISSN 1735-1979

Volume: 5;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 225;
Date: 2008;
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Keywords: Sequencing batch reactor ، 4-chlorophenol ، biodegradation ، organic loading ، mixed culture ، xenobiotic

ABSTRACT
Abstract: Chlorinated phenols in many industrial effluents are usually difficult to be removed by conventional biological treatment processes. Performance of the aerobic sequencing batch reactor treating 4-chlorophenol containing wastewater at different loadings rates from 0.0075 to 1.2 g4CP/L.d was evaluated. The sequencing batch reactor was operated with fill, react, settle and decant phases in the order of 10:370:90:10 min, respectively, for a cycle time of 8 h at 10 days solid retention time and 16 h hydraulic retention time in the stable period. The effects of 4-chlorophenol loadings on the 4-chlorophenol and chemical oxygen demand removal percents, yield coefficient (Y), biomass variation and sludge volume index were investigated. High chemical oxygen demand removal efficiencies (95±3.5%) and approximately complete 4-chlorophenol removal (>99%) were observed even in the absence of growth substrate. The degradation of 4-chlorophenol led to formation of 5-chloro-2-hydroxymuconic semialdehyde, which was more oxidized, indicating complete disappearance of 4-chlorophenol via meta-cleavage pathway. A compact sludge with excellent settleability (sludge volume index=47±6.1 mL/g) developed during entire acclimation period. High removal efficiencies with sequencing batch reactor may be due to enforced short term unsteady state conditions coupled with periodic exposure of the microorganisms to defined process conditions which facilitate the required metabolic pathways for treating xenobiotics containing wastewater.
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