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Effects of Aerobic Training without an Energy-Restricted Diet on Body Composition in Young Men and Women

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Author(s): Şükrü Serdar BALCI | Hamdi PEPE | Serkan REVAN | Şükran ARIKAN

Journal: Türkiye Fiziksel Tip ve Rehabilitasyon Dergisi
ISSN 1302-0234

Volume: 57;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 150;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Body composition | Exercise | Aerobic capacity | Gender

ABSTRACT
Objective: The objective of the study was to determine whether the effects of bicycle exercise program applied without energy-restricted diet on body composition and aerobic capacity show any difference in men and women. Meterials and Methods: A total of 35 volunteers (10+9 men; 8+8 women, for the training and control groups, respectively) were enrolled in this study. The subjects had not participated in any regular exercise programs within the previous year, but all of them were moderately active. Also, the dietary restrictions and/or controls were not recommended for all subjects during the study period. The individuals in the training group performed cycling exercise 60 min/day, 4 days/week for 8 weeks at an intensity of 50-70% of target heart rate. The subjects in the control group did not participate in any kind of regular or organized sport activity. Body composition parameters and maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max) were measured pre- and post-training.Results: The training program significantly increased VO2max values in both men (F=22.99) and women (F=37.93) (p
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