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The effects of constant and alternating temperatures on the reproductive potential, life span, and life expectancy of Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann) (Dipteria: Tephritidae)

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Author(s): CARDOSO V. V. | FERREIRA M. P. | MONTAGNER J. M. | FERNANDEZ C. G. | MOREIRA J. C. | OLIVEIRA A. K.

Journal: Brazilian Journal of Biology
ISSN 1519-6984

Volume: 62;
Issue: 4b;
Start page: 775;
Date: 2002;
Original page

Keywords: reproductive potential | Tephritidae | temperature

ABSTRACT
Ovarian development, oviposition, larval eclosion, ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity, ovarian, testis and ejaculatory apodeme measurements (length, width, and area), and the number of spermatozoa of Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann) were analyzed at alternating (20masculine/6masculineC and 20masculine/13degreesC) and constant (6degreesC; 25degreesC) temperatures. Life span and life expectancy were also analyzed for both genders. All the results suggest that temperature, especially alternating temperatures, increase not only male and female reproductive potential but also their life span and life expectancy. These changes can be a powerful strategy triggered by A. fraterculus as a means to survive the stressful temperature conditions found in winter in the apple production region in Brazil, enabling this species to increase its population density and cause apple damage when spring begins.
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