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Effects of Cottonseed Meal on Hematological, Biochemical and Behavioral Alterations in Male Japanese Quail (Coturnix japonica)

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Author(s): M. Moazam Jalees, M. Zargham Khan*, M. Kashif Saleemi and Ahrar Khan

Journal: Pakistan Veterinary Journal
ISSN 0253-8318

Volume: 31;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 211;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Cottonseed meal | Cyclopropenoid | Gossypol | Hematology | Japanese quail | Pathology | Serum

ABSTRACT
The present study was carried out to find toxico-pathological effects of cottonseed meal (CSM) in male Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Male birds (n=48) were equally divided into four groups (A to D). Three isonitric and isocaloric experimental feeds were formulated by replacing soybean meal with three levels of CSM i.e., 13, 27 and 41%. The respective feed was offered to the birds ad libitum for the duration of experiment (42 days). Clinical signs, behavioral alterations, feed consumption, body weight, absolute and relative organ weight, hematological and biochemical parameters along with gross and histopathological lesions were studied. In group B and C, birds were temporarily depressed but later on became active. In group D, birds remained dull and depressed and 66.7% mortality was recorded. Body weight, absolute and relative organ weight was non-significantly different in treatment groups compared with control. Feed intake at week 1 was significantly low in group D while during remaining experiment; it differed non-significantly in all the treatment groups compared with control. Testicular volume at day 21 was significantly (P
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