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Effects of flood regime on the diet of Triportheus curtus (Garman, 1890) in an Amazonian floodplain lake

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Author(s): Jardely de Oliveira Pereira | Maralina Torres da Silva | Lisandro Juno Soares Vieira | Rosemara Fugi

Journal: Neotropical Ichthyology
ISSN 1679-6225

Volume: 9;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 623;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Acre River | Feeding plasticity | Opportunist | Seasonality | Triportheinae

ABSTRACT
We analyzed the diet of Triportheus curtus in Lake Amapá on the Acre River (AC - Brazil), during three distinct phases of the hydrological cycle (pre-flooding, flooding, and post-flooding stages). The flooding occurred between January and June of 2009. Samples were collected monthly from October 2008 through September 2009. After collection (at 19:00, 01:00, 07:00, and 13:00 hs) and taxonomic identification, fish were eviscerated and their stomachs preserved in a 4% formalin solution for later analysis. The diet was evaluated by the Index of Relative Importance (IRI), and temporal variations (pre-flooding, flooding, and post-flooding) in the diet were summarized by an ordination technique (DCA). The diet of T. curtus was comprised of several orders of insects and microcrustaceans. In the pre-flooding stage, more than 62% of the diet consisted of Ostracoda. In the flooding phase, T. curtus fed mainly on Chaoboridae larvae (Diptera) (44.3%) and terrestrial insects (fragments) (33.7%). In the post-flooding phase, Chaoboridae comprised 80% of the diet. These results indicate that the utilization of food resources by T. curtus was variable, changing with alterations in the availability of resources, as influenced by the hydrological cycle. The population of T. curtus proved to be opportunistic, changing its diet in the course of the hydrological cycle.Neste estudo avaliamos a dieta de Triportheus curtus, no lago Amapá, rio Acre (AC - Brasil), em três períodos distintos do ciclo hidrológico (pré-pulso, pulso e pós-pulso). As coletas foram realizadas mensalmente de outubro de 2008 a setembro de 2009, e o pulso de cheia ocorreu entre janeiro e junho de 2009. Após as despescas (19:00, 01:00, 07:00 e 13:00 hs) e identificação taxonômica, os indivíduos foram eviscerados e os estômagos preservados em formalina 4% para posterior análise. A dieta foi avaliada através do Índice de Importância Relativa (IRI), e as variações temporais (pré-pulso, pulso e pós-pulso) na dieta foram sumarizadas através de uma análise de ordenação (DCA). A dieta de T. curtus foi composta de insetos de diferentes ordens e microcrustáceos. No pré-pulso, aproximadamente 62% da dieta foi composta por Ostracoda. No pulso, T. curtus consumiu principalmente larvas de Chaoboridae (Diptera) (44,3%) e insetos terrestres (fragmentos) (33,7%). No pós-pulso, larvas de Chaoboridae representaram 80% da dieta. Estes resultados indicam que a dieta de T. curtus varia temporalmente, e que a espécie pode ser considerada oportunista, alterando sua dieta de acordo com a abundância dos recursos nas diferentes fases do ciclo hidrológico.

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