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Effects of gas types and models on optimized gas fuelling station reservoir's pressure

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Author(s): M. Farzaneh-Gord | M. Deymi-Dashtebayaz | H. R. Rahbari

Journal: Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering
ISSN 0104-6632

Volume: 30;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 399;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Compressed Natural Gas | Compressed Hydrogen Gas | Fast-filling process | Cascade reservoirs | Thermodynamic analysis | Real gas model | Ideal gas model | Entropy generation

ABSTRACT
There are similar algorithms and infrastructure for storing gas fuels at CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) and CHG (Compressed Hydrogen Gas) fuelling stations. In these stations, the fuels are usually stored in the cascade storage system to utilize the stations more efficiently. The cascade storage system generally divides into three reservoirs, commonly termed low, medium and high-pressure reservoirs. The pressures within these reservoirs have huge effects on performance of the stations. In the current study, based on the laws of thermodynamics, conservation of mass and real/ideal gas assumptions, a theoretical analysis has been constructed to study the effects of gas types and models on performance of the stations. It is intended to determine the optimized reservoir pressures for these stations. The results reveal that the optimized pressure differs between the gas types. For ideal and real gas models in both stations (CNG and CHG), the optimized non-dimensional low pressure-reservoir pressure is found to be 0.22. The optimized non-dimensional medium-pressure reservoir pressure is the same for the stations, and equal to 0.58.
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