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Effects of process variables on micromeritic properties and drug release of non-degradable microparticles

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Author(s): Mitra Jelvehgari | Jaleh Barar | Ali Nokhodchi | Sanam Shadrou | Hadi Valizadeh

Journal: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
ISSN 2228-5881

Volume: 1;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 18;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Microspheres | Eudragit RS 100 | Theophylline anhydrous | Ester sucrose

ABSTRACT
Introduction: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate microencapsulated controlled release preparation of theophylline using Eudragit RS 100 as the retardant material with high entrapment efficiency. Methods: Microspheres were prepared by the emulsion-solvent evaporation method. A mixed solvent system consisting of methanol and acetone and light liquid paraffin as oily phase were chosen. Sucrose stearate was used as the surfactant to stabilize the emulsification process. The prepared microspheres were characterized by drug loading, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning colorimetry (DSC) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The in vitro release studies were performed at pH 1.2 and 7.4 aqueous medium. Results: Increasing the concentration of emulsifier, sucrose fatty acid ester F-70, decreased the particle size which contributed to increased drug release rate. The drug loading microparticle Eudragit RS100 (1:6) showed 60-75% of entrapment and mean particle size 205.93-352.76 ┬Ám. The results showed that, an increase in the ratio of polymer: drug (F5, 6: 1) resulted in a reduction in the release rate of the drug which may be attributed to the hydrophobic nature of the polymer. Conclusion: The release of theophylline is influenced by the drug to polymer ratio and particle size. Drug release is controlled by diffusion and the best-fit release kinetic is Higuchi model.
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