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EFFECTS OF THALLIUM ON THE LARVAL DEVELOPMENT OF LUCILIA SERICATA MEIGEN 1826 AND PMI ESTIMATION

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Author(s): Ferhat ALTUNSOY | Ferhat ALTUNSOY | Arif Gökhan BAŞARAN | Arif Gökhan BAŞARAN

Journal: Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology - C. Life Sciences and Biotechnology
ISSN 2146-0264

Volume: 1;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 103;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Estimation of post mortem interval | Forensic Entomology Entomotoxicology | Larval Growth Rate | Lucilia sericata | Blow fly

ABSTRACT
Determination of larval growth rate of and forensic analysis of the age of Calliphoridae larvae on a corpse are useful evidence in legal investigations for the estimation of exact death time and time duration after death; post mortem interval. However many factors, such as temperature, tissue type and contamination of drugs and toxins, effect larval development of blow fly larvae and consequently theestimation of post mortem interval. The present study examined the larval growth rate of a forensically important blow fly species, Lucilia sericata Meigen 1826 in different concentrations (0,12; 0,25; 0,50; 1 and 2 μg/g) of toxic heavy metal Thallium under controlled laboratory conditions. Body length and weight, death ratio of larvae and pupa between experimental and control groups were compared. Results demonstrated that the development rate of larvae between uncontaminated and contaminated diets varies significantly. In short, they molted later, reached maximum length more slowly and sometimesproduced significantly smaller pupae in contaminated food source. These results emphasized that the importance of determining the contamination rate of toxins in tissue for the forensic entomologist,while using development rates from standard curves based on larvae fed non-contaminated mediums.
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