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Efficiency of Phytoseiulus longipes Evans as a control agent of Tetranychus evansi Baker & Pritchard (Acari: Phytoseiidae: Tetranychidae) on screenhouse tomatoes

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Author(s): Fernando R da Silva | Gilberto J de Moraes | Manoel G C Gondim Jr | Markus Knapp | Sigrid L Rouam | Jefferson L A Paes | Guilherme M de Oliveira

Journal: Neotropical Entomology
ISSN 1519-566X

Volume: 39;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 991;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Lycopersicon esculentum | pest mite | predatory mite | biological control | Solanaceae

ABSTRACT
The spider mite Tetranychus evansi Baker & Pritchard can cause severe damage to tomato crops. The predatory mite Phytoseiulus longipes Evans was recently reported in association with T. evansi in Uruguaiana, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of P. longipes on the population of T. evansi on tomatoes under screenhouse condition. The study consisted on four experiments, in each of which 80 potted plantlets were distributed in two plots of 40 plantlets each. Two weeks later, each plantlet of both plots was infested with eight adult females of T. evansi; one week after, four adult females of P. longipes were released onto each plant of one plot. The population levels of T. evansi and the damage caused by these mites were significantly lower (P < 0.05; linear mixed-effect model) in the plots where P. longipes had been released. The results indicate the potential of this predator as a candidate for classical biological control of T. evansi by inoculative releases on tomato plants.
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