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Efficient Cluster Head Selection Methods for Wireless Sensor Networks

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Author(s): Jong-Shin Chen | Zeng-Wei Hong | Neng-Chung Wang | San-Heui Jhuang

Journal: Journal of Networks
ISSN 1796-2056

Volume: 5;
Issue: 8;
Start page: 964;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Wireless Sensor network | Cluster | Cluster head | Life time | Energy Awareness design

ABSTRACT
The past few years have witnessed increased in the potential use of wireless sensor network (WSN) such as disaster management, combat field reconnaissance, border protection and security surveillance. Sensors in these applications are expected to be remotely deployed in large numbers and to operate autonomously in unattended environments. Since a WSN is composed of nodes with nonreplenishable energy resource, elongating the network lifetime is the main concern. To support scalability, nodes are often grouped into disjoint clusters. Each cluster would have a leader, often referred as cluster head (CH). A CH is responsible for not only the general request but also assisting the general nodes to route the sensed data to the target nodes. The power-consumption of a CH is higher then of a general (non-CH) node. Therefore, the CH selection will affect the lifetime of a WSN. However, the application scenario contexts of WSNs that determine the definitions of lifetime will impact to achieve the objective of elongating lifetime. In this study, we classify the lifetime into different types and give the corresponding CH selection method to achieve the life-time extension objective. Simulation results demonstrate our study can enlarge the life-time for different requests of the sensor networks.
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