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Efficient electrochemical synthesis, antimicrobial and antiinflammatory activity of 2-amino-5-substituted-1,3,4-oxadiazole derivatives

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Author(s): Kumar S | Srivastava D

Journal: Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
ISSN 0250-474X

Volume: 72;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 458;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Acetic acid | controlled potential electrolysis | electrochemical | electrooxidation | green chemistry | oxadiazole | platinum electrode

ABSTRACT
An efficient electrochemical method for the preparation of 2-amino-5-substituted-1,3,4-oxadiazoles (4a-k) at platinum anode through the electrooxidation of semicarbazone (3a-k) at controlled potential electrolysis has been reported in the present study. The electrolysis was carried out in the acetic acid solvent and lithium perchlorate was used as supporting electrolyte. The products were characterized by IR, 1 H-NMR, 13 C-NMR, mass spectra and elemental analysis. The synthesized compounds were screened for their in vitro growth inhibiting activity against different strains of bacteria viz., Klebsilla penumoniae, Escherichia coli, Bassilus subtilis and Streptococcus aureus and antifungal activity against Aspergillus niger and Crysosporium pannical and results have been compared with the standard antibacterial streptomycin and antifungal griseofulvin. Compounds exhibits significant antibacterial activity and antifungal activity. Compounds 4a and g exhibited equal while 4c, d, i and j slightly less antibacterial activity than standard streptomycin. Compounds 4a and g exhibited equal while 4b, c, d, f and i displayed slightly less antifungal activity than standard griseofulvins.
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