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El sίmbolo quijotesco y la cuestión de la verdad como función ideológica y política en Defensa de la Hispanidad de Ramiro de Maeztu

Author(s): Iwona Krupecka

Journal: Topologik : Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Filosofiche, Pedagogiche e Sociali
ISSN 2036-5683

Issue: 11;
Start page: 40;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: Quixotism | Universality | Truth | Ideology

Abstract: The quixotic symbol and the question of the truth in its ideological and political function in "Defensa de la Hispanidad" of Ramiro de Maeztu - The main purpose of my essay is to present the concept of the truth, as expressed by Ramiro de Maeztu in his "Defensa de la Hispanidad", in the light of the quixotic symbol. I argue that if taken as a part of an ideological project of the Hispanidad, a spiritual empire, Don Quixote functions as a pharmakon, especially when related to the classical concept of the truth. There is, therefore, an immanent contradiction, inscribed into the Maeztu’s ideological attitude: the ideal, embodied in the Spanish nation, is constituted by the quixotic will and faith, that are strictly subjective but the condition of its universality is the objective truth. This contradiction between two truth’s concepts appears to be the ideological foundation of the Hispanidad.
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